Buddha Jayanti Festival

In Nepal, the birthday of Buddha (Buddha Jayanti) is of special significance to many because Nepal is the birth place of Siddhartha Gautama Buddha.

Culture & Heritage | Faith & Spirituality


The core traditional ceremony of Buddha Jayanti takes place at Anandakuti Vihara, at the back of the hill of Swayambunath.  The ashes and relics of the Buddha stored in the heart of the stupa are brought into the light for this one auspicious day of the year and displayed for all to see.  Devoted Buddhists come from all corners of the world to be present for this wonderful occasion. In the morning, Nepal’s King, prime minister, Buddhist leaders, and special guests welcome all with speeches and the sweetness of kheer (rice pudding), while tea can be enjoyed by all who come.

All the Buddhist temples and monasteries are open and worshippers come to make special prayers (pujas) and offerings, and to receive teachings and take part in dharma discussions with revered leaders.

Around noon, at Swayambu, Boudha, and other stupas in Nepal, a statue of the Buddha is placed on a palanquin laden with flowers, katas (blessing scarves), and lights.  The Buddha is joined by an enormous procession of monks and lay people chanting prayers, beating drums, and bearing Buddhist flags and paintings of the Buddha.  The procession weaves through the city streets, and Buddhist families line the way waiting to give offerings of flowers, incense, fruit, and money to the Buddha as he passes.

At home, each Buddhist family also prepares a special altar with a statue or picture of the Buddha and various offerings (of lights, flowers, fruits, and so on) and often decorates the entire house for the sacred and joyous occasion.

Ususally Buddha’s hometown, Lumbini, itself is relatively quiet on Buddha Jayanti, for the simple reason that for most people the early summer heat is too intense for any vigorous celebration.  However, this year the Maha Maya Mandir, honoring Buddha’s mother MayaDevi, will be officially re-opened with a special ceremony on her son’s brithday. This temple is the oldest known structure in Nepal, dating back to 300 BC, and its restoration was a complicated and delicate process begun in 1990.

These magnificent public celebrations are only a part of honoring the Buddha on Buddha Jayanti.  In the spirit of Buddha’s messages of wisdom and compassion, the 2003 Buddha Jayanti committee has also organized a series of projects designed to help the public to be more aware of the Buddha’s life, Buddhist culture, and Buddhist ideals, and to offer care for those in need of medical treatment.