Also known as Mawlid and Milad un Nabi, this holiday is observed on the 12th day of Rabi-ul Awwal, the third month of the Islamic calendar. While the celebration of Muhammad’s birthday is happy, it is also a day of mourning. This is due to the fact that the Prophet Muhammad also passed away on the 12th day of Rabi-ul Awwal.
Eid e Milad celebrates the birth of Muhammad, the central prophet of Islam. According to historical texts, Muhammad was born in 570 CE in Saudi Arabia. Most scholars of Islam have determined that Muhammad was born on the 12th day of the third month of the Islamic calendar.
During his life, Muhammad founded Islam and formed what is now Saudi Arabia as a single kingdom that was devoted to serving God. After Muhammad died in 632 CE, many Muslims began to celebrate his life and his teachings with various informal holidays.
Despite these various celebratory traditions, the birthday of the Prophet Muhammad was not widely celebrated until Fatima established Milad un-Nabi in Egypt. On the first official celebration of Muhammad’s birthday, Muslims and Islamic scholars gathered at Mosques to pay their respects. Religious sermons and discussions were among some the ways that Muslims honoured Muhammad on the first Milad un-Nabi holiday.